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Israel’s Peace Initiative

Woensdag, November 10, 2010 / Last Modified: Zaterdag, Januari 7, 2012

Israel’s Peace Initiative

May 14, 1989


The following peace initiative was formulated by Prime Minister
Shamir (Likud) and Defence Minister Rabin (Labour) and represents the
consensus of Israel policy in the National unity government. The plan
consists of four basic points:

  • Strengthing the peace with Egypt as a regional cornerstone
  • Promoting full peaceful relations with the Arab states
  • Improving refugee conditions though international efforts
  • Elections and interim self-rule for the Palestinian Arabs

This initiative is based on the Camp David Accords, and in turn, forms the
basis of the Madrid framework for the Middle East peace negotiations.


TEXT:

GENERAL:

  1. This document presents the principles of a political initiative
    of the Government of Israel which deals with the continuation of the peace
    process; the termination of the state of war with the Arab states; a
    solution for the Arabs of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district; peace with
    Jordan; and a resolution of the problem of the residents of the refugee
    camps in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district.
  2. The document includes:
    1. The principles upon which the initiative is based.
    2. Details of the processes for its implementation.
    3. Reference to the subject of the elections under consideration. Further
      details relating to the elections as well as other subjects of the
      initiative will be dealt with separately.

BASIC PREMISES:

  1. The initiative is founded upon the assumption that there is a national
    consensus for it on the basis of the basic guidelines of the Government of
    Israel, including the following points:

    1. Israel yearns for peace and the continuation of the political
      process by means of direct negotiations based on the principles of the Camp
      David Accords.
    2. Israel opposes the establishment of an additional Palestinian state in
      the Gaza district and in the area between Israel and Jordan.
    3. Israel will not conduct negotiations with the PLO.
    4. There will be no change in the status of Judea, Samaria and Gaza other
      than in accordance with the basic guidelines of the Government.

SUBJECTS TO BE DEALT WITH IN THE PEACE PROCESS:

    1. Israel views as important that the peace between Israel
      and Egypt, based on the Camp David Accords, will serve as a cornerstone for
      enlarging the circle of peace in the region, and calls for a common endeavor
      for the strengthening of the peace and its extension, through continued
      consultation.
    2. Israel calls for the establishment of peaceful relations between it and
      those Arab states which still maintain a state of war with it for the
      purpose of promoting a comprehensive settlement for the Arab-Israel
      conflict, including recognition, direct negotiation, ending the boycott,
      diplomatic relations, cessation of hostile activity in international
      institutions or forums and regional and bilateral cooperation.
    3. Israel calls for an international endeavour to resolve the problem of
      the residents of the Arab refugee camps in Judea. Samaria and the Gaza
      district in order to improve their living conditions and to rehabilitate
      them. Israel is prepared to be a partner in this endeavour.
    4. In order to advance the political negotiation process leading to peace,
      Israel proposes free and democratic elections among the Palestinian Arab
      inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district in an atmosphere devoid
      of violence, threats and terror.In these elections a representation will be chosen to conduct negotiations
      for a transitional period of self-rule. This period will constitute a test
      for co-existence and cooperation. At a later stage, negotiations will be
      conducted for a permanent solution during which all the proposed options for
      an agreed settlement will be examined, and peace between Israel and Jordan
      will be achieved.
    5. All the above-mentioned steps should be dealt with simultaneously.
    6. The details of what has been mentioned in (d) above will be given
      below.

THE PRINCIPLES CONSTITUTING THE INITIATIVE:

STAGES:

  1. The initiative is based on two stages:
    1. Stage A – A transitional period for an interim agreement.
    2. Stage B – Permanent Solution.
  2. The interlock between the stages is a timetable on which the Plan is
    built: the peace process delineated by the initiative is based on
    Resolutions 242 and 338 upon which the Camp David Accords are founded.

TIMETABLE:

  1. The transitional period will continue for 5 years.
  2. As soon as possible, but not later than the third year after the
    beginning of the transitional period, negotiations for achieving a permanent
    solution will begin.

PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN THE NEGOTIATIONS IN BOTH STAGES:

  1. The parties participating in the negotiations for the First
    Stage (the interim agreement) shall include Israel and the elected
    representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the
    Gaza district. Jordan and Egypt will be invited to participate in these
    negotiations if they so desire.
  2. The parties participating in the negotiations for the Second Stage
    (Permanent Solution) shall include Israel and the elected representation of
    the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district, as
    well as Jordan; furthermore, Egypt may participate in these negotiations. In
    negotiations between Israel and Jordan, in which the elected representation
    of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district
    will participate, the peace treaty between Israel and Jordan will be
    concluded.

SUBSTANCE OF TRANSITIONAL PERIOD

  1. During the transitional period the Palestinian Arab
    inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district will be accorded
    self-rule by means of which they will, themselves, conduct their affairs of
    daily life. Israel will continue to be responsible for security, foreign
    affairs and all matters concerning Israeli citizens in Judea, Samaria and
    the Gaza district. Topics involving the implementation of the plan for
    self-rule will be considered and decided within the framework of the
    negotiations for an interim agreement.

SUBSTANCE OF PERMANENT SOLUTION

  1. In the negotiations for a permanent solution every
    party shall be entitled to present for discussion all the subjects it may
    wish to raise.
  2. The aim of the negotiations should be:
    1. The achievement of a permanent solution acceptable to the
      negotiating parties.
    2. The arrangements for peace and borders between Israel and
      Jordan.

DETAILS OF THE PROCESS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INITIATIVE

  1. First and foremost dialogue and basic agreement by the
    Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district, as
    well as Egypt and Jordan if they wish to take part, as above-mentioned, in
    the negotiations, on the principles constituting the initiative.
    1. Immediately afterwards will follow the stage of
      preparations and implementation of the election process in which a
      representation of the Palestinian Arab inhabitants of Judea, Samaria and
      Gaza will be elected. This representation:

      1. Shall be a partner to the conduct of negotiations for the
        transitional period (interim agreement).
      2. Shall constitute the self-governing authority in the course of the
        transitional period.
      3. Shall be the central Palestinian component, subject to agreement after
        three years, in the negotiations for the permanent solution.
    2. In the period of the preparation and implementation there shall be a
      calming of the violence in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza district.
  2. As to the substance of the elections, it is recommended that a proposal
    of regional elections be adopted, the details of which shall be determined
    in further discussions.
  3. Every Palestinian Arab residing in Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza
    district, who shall be elected by the inhabitants to represent them – after
    having submitted his candidacy in accordance with the detailed document
    which shall determine the subject of the elections – may be a legitimate
    participant in the conduct of negotiations with Israel.
  4. The elections shall be free, democratic and secret.
  5. Immediately after the election of the Palestinian representation,
    negotiations shall be conducted with it on an interim agreement for a
    transitional period which shall continue for 5 years, as mentioned above. In
    these negotiations the parties shall determine all the subjects relating to
    the substance to the self-rule and the arrangements necessary for its
    implementation.
  6. As soon as possible, but not later than the third year after the
    establishment of the self-rule, negotiations for a permanent solution shall
    begin. During the whole period of these negotiations until the signing of
    the agreement for a permanent solution, the self-rule shall continue in
    effect as determined in the negotiations for an interim agreement.

 

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